The unemployment rate in the United States fell to 10% from 10.2% in November,
the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported on Friday, which means that the
real unemployment rate (including those who have stopped looking for work, or
can't find full-time work) fell to 17.2% from 17.5%. In addition, employers
polled by the BLS reduced payrolls by 11,000 workers, rather than the 150,000
or so that economists expected.
Supposedly, this reflects economic recovery. I don't believe a word of it.
First, the labor force participation rate continues to plunge, as
prospective workers leave the workforce.
For the full series going back to 1948, click
Between October and November, nearly 300,000 Americans disappeared from the
Here is a Top 10 of reasons to scrooge the BLS report: 10. As noted, nearly 300,000 people disappeared from the labor
force, yet the BLS reports no increase in "discouraged workers" or workers
forced to take part-time jobs for economic reasons.
9. Private sector service jobs supposedly increased by 51,000,
yet the National Institute of Purchasing Managers' (NIPM) survey shows that
services employment fell during November. The unexpected drop in the NIPM
report, which is a reasonably good advanced indicator of economic activity,
doesn't square with the BLS report.
8. The reported improvement in services was driven by an 86,000
increase in temporary employees in "administrative and support services". There
almost certainly is an element of truth in this report, but it is not
necessarily good news. The biggest hiring boom stems from the huge backlog of
home foreclosures. With one out of eight American homeowners behind on mortgage
payments, the Wall Street Journal on November 19 reported, "Mortgage
restructuring for strapped homeowners has emerged as a rare growth area in the
economy as companies in the field keep hiring. Four of the largest mortgages
servicers - Bank of America Corp, Citigroup Inc, JP Morgan Chase & Co and
Wells Fargo & Co - have collectively hired almost 17,000 people this year,
mostly to work with financially ailing homeowners. With the number of defaults
rising, many are planning to keep adding staff."
7. Goods-producing industries lost 69,000 jobs by the BLS count,
about equally divided between manufacturing and construction - yet the
"recovery" supposedly is led by manufacturing.
6. ADP, America's largest processor of payroll information,
publishes an independent survey of employment based on its own data. This is
somewhat less comprehensive than the BLS data, but far more reliable. ADP
reported a loss of 169,000 jobs, compared to only 11,000 for the BLS survey.
5.The correlation between changes in the BLS employment measure
since 2000 is about 95%, and the discrepancy between the BLS number of 11,000
jobs lost in November versus the ADP number of 169,000 jobs lost lies at the
extreme range of error for the two series.
4. The job losses reported by ADP are equally split between
goods-producing and services. It simply doesn't make sense for ADP to show
nearly identical job losses for goods-producing and services, while BLS shows a
big jump in services employment combined with a big drop in goods-producing
3. One of the brightest spots in the BLS report was a 12,600
increase in health services employment. Yet a forward-looking indicator of
demand for health-service employees, the monster.com online advertising index
for health-care jobs, fell in November to an all-time low of 83 (from an
October level of 96 and a year-earlier level of 111).
2. According to the Conference Board's monthly survey of consumer
confidence, "Consumers' assessment of the labor market deteriorated moderately.
Those claiming jobs are 'hard to get' increased to 49.8% from 49.4%, while
those claiming jobs are 'plentiful' decreased to 3.2% from 3.5%."
And the top reason not to believe the BLS report is: 1. The level of un- and underemployment is so huge by historical
standards as to make the usual sort of measurement questionable. With nearly
20% of the population unable to find proper work, there is a different sort of
workforce. The vast majority of job creation in the US during the past two
generations came from small businesses, which display only vaguely on the radar
of government agencies as well as the bigger private surveys. The financial
crisis killed small entrepreneurs as surely as Joseph Stalin killed the kulaks,
and the roots of the economy are dead and dry.
Spengler is channeled by David P Goldman, senior editor at First Things