NEW YORK - A four-member United Nations fact-finding mission, which has just
concluded an investigation into last year's brutal conflict in Gaza, makes a
strong case for war crimes charges against Israel for its unrelenting 22-day
military attacks on Palestinians, largely civilians, including women and
The charges stem mostly from serious violations of international human rights
and humanitarian law.
The UN team, led by Justice Richard Goldstone, says there is also evidence that
Palestinian armed groups, specifically Hamas, committed war crimes in their
repeated mortar attacks on civilians in southern Israel.
But its strongest indictment is against the state of Israel, which is
accused of imposing a blockade on Gaza "amounting to collective punishment"
carried out as part of a "systematic policy of progressive isolation and
deprivation of the Gaza Strip".
The number of Palestinians killed during the conflict is estimated at between
1,387 and 1,417, compared with four Israeli fatal casualties in southern Israel
and nine soldiers killed during the fighting, four of whom died as a result of
During the ruthless military operation, code-named "Operation Cast Lead", the
Israelis destroyed houses, factories, wells, schools, hospitals, police
stations and other public buildings.
"Families are still living amid the rubble of their former homes after the
attacks ended, as reconstruction has been impossible due to the continuing
blockade [of Gaza by Israel]," says the 574-page report released on Tuesday.
The study points out that Israeli acts that deprive Palestinians of their means
of subsistence, employment, housing, water - and also denying their freedom of
movement and their right to leave and enter their own country - could lead a
competent court to find that the crime of persecution, a crime against
humanity, has been committed.
At a press conference on Tuesday, Goldstone told reporters the Israeli
government had not carried out any credible investigations into alleged
He said the UN team had recommended that the 15-member Security Council require
Israel to report to it, within the next six months, on investigations and
prosecutions it should carry out with regard to the violations cited in the
The team has also recommended that the Security Council should set up its own
body of independent experts to report to it on the progress of the Israeli
investigations and prosecutions.
"If the expert's reports do not indicate within six months that good faith,
independent proceedings are taking place, the Security Council should refer the
situation in Gaza to the prosecutor in the International Criminal Court [ICC]."
The team has also recommended that the same expert body report to the Security
Council on proceedings undertaken by the relevant Gaza authorities with regard
to the crimes committed by the Palestinian side.
If there is no good faith and independent proceedings, the council should refer
this as well to the ICC prosecutor.
Asked whether a highly partisan Security Council would agree to the proposals,
Goldstone said: "I would be disappointed if any permanent member of the
Security Council [the United States, Britain, France, China and Russia] would
object to such a resolution."
Nadia Hijab, a senior fellow at the Washington-based Institute for Palestine
Studies, told Inter Press Service that the findings of the Goldstone report
"will send shivers up many spines".
"It is going to be hard to ignore because of the seriousness of its
accusations, the breadth of its coverage, and its even-handedness," she added.
Hijab said the UN team also appears to have found a way to give its
recommendations some teeth, with its call on the Security Council to refer the
situation to the ICC - if Israel as well as Hamas does not undertake meaningful
investigations and prosecutions of those responsible for war crimes that are
While the report is even-handed in assigning responsibility, she pointed out,
Israel was clearly assigned far greater responsibility.
"This recognizes its role as a United Nations member state and signatory to
international conventions as well as the enormity of the damage it inflicted,"
For example, she said, the Goldstone team has recommended that the 192-member
General Assembly set up an escrow fund so that Israel can compensate the
Palestinians of Gaza.
"The R-word of reparations is bad news for Israel and could set a precedent for
future claims," she added.
In addition, the report addresses the numerous human-rights violations by
Israel, calling on it to end its siege of Gaza, lift restrictions on
Palestinian freedom of movement, free Palestinian prisoners - highlighting
child prisoners and legislative council members - among others.
"We may be witnessing the beginning of the end of the era of impunity," said
Donatella Rovera, who headed Amnesty International's (AI's) own investigation
into the conflict, said: "The responsibility now lies with the international
community, notably the UN Security Council, as the UN's most powerful body, to
take decisive action to ensure accountability for the perpetrators and justice
for the victims."
She concurred with the recommendation that the Security Council refer the
findings to the ICC prosecutor, if Israel and Hamas do not carry out credible
investigations within a set, limited period.
The findings in the UN report are consistent with those of Amnesty
International's own field investigation into the 22-day conflict.
Most of the Palestinians killed by Israeli forces were unarmed civilians,
including some 300 children, AI said, in a statement released on Tuesday.
Palestinian rocket attacks killed three Israeli civilians and six soldiers
(four other soldiers were killed by their own side in friendly fire incidents).
"Israeli forces also carried out wanton and wholesale destruction in Gaza,
leaving entire neighborhoods in ruin, and used Palestinians as human shields,"
the London-based organization said.
Besides Goldstone, a former prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunals
of the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, the UN team comprised Christine Chinkin,
professor of international law at the London School of Economics and Political
Science; Hina Jilani, advocate of the Supreme Court of Pakistan and a member of
the International Commission of Inquiry on Darfur; and Colonel Desmond Travers,
a former officer in Ireland's defense forces and a member of the board of
directors of the Institute for International Criminal Investigations.