Page 1 of 2 SPEAKING FREELY The benefits of a nuclear Iran
By Aetius Romulous
Speaking Freely is an Asia Times Online feature that allows guest writers to have
their say. Please
click hereif you are interested in contributing.
Iran could be building "the bomb". Iran would then be the second power in the
region to possess the bomb, and would certainly be the first of what will soon
be a rapid escalation of regional states with the wealth and wherewithal to
acquire the bomb. In addition, this proliferation of bomb-owning states is a
function of economics, and as such, is inevitable, its containment improbable
by any rational measure.
Finally, the "bomb" itself is nothing more than a bargaining chip
among established bomb-owning states to advance their own self interests- all
hinging around ... oil.
Pakistan has a lot of nuclear bombs, and is one of the most unstable
nation-states in the world. It has the bomb because its hated rival India has
its own set of bombs. Israel has a whack of over 200 bombs, none of which are
regulated in any way by anybody. It's a secret. Americans have the bomb.
American has thousands of bombs, is the only nation to have ever used the bomb,
and currently has a collection of the best of them scattered in and around
their vassal state, Iraq. There are lots of bombs in the Middle East, their
plurality irrelevant where the simple act of just firing a single one can and
will do the job of melting down the Western world.
All the bombs that do exist in the Middle East - or anywhere else there is
land, sea, or space above - are in the possession of well advanced
technological states with the enormous amounts of wealth needed to design,
build, and maintain a weapon of unimaginable cost. Except Pakistan and North
Korea, who simply stole their way in through the back door, and are the most
poorly dressed members at the party. As it is the nature of our global economic
system that wealth is power, and growth means wealth, the onward march of
progress will bring more and more emerging nations into a position where they
too can have the bomb.
We have the first Muslim bomb in Pakistan, the first Jewish bomb in Israel, and
we could soon have the first Persian bomb. We need an Arab bomb now, one would
guess, to complete the set. Turkey will need the bomb, and will soon be able to
afford one. That would be an unbroken chain of bomb-wielding states stretching
from the Taiwan Strait to the Suez Canal, covering every major religion,
culture, and form of politics. A veritable bomb "beltway" if you will. Poor
Africa, no bomb for you.
So, there are lots of bombs in the most unstable region of the world, and there
are destined to be more. Iran could be one of them. Given the bigger picture,
why does that matter? If Iran had the bomb - so what? In fact, Iran without a
bomb makes the place just a smidgen less stable than Iran with the bomb, and a
smidgen in the nuclear age is a lot.
If nations feel compelled to carve gargantuan amounts of productivity out of
their people for bombs, it is because of the lessons learned as worthless peons
in the golden age of the Cold War. Money talks, and money is best represented
by the bomb. Like feathered plumage, a radiating display of nuclear quills
signals to everybody that there will be consequences to their most impolite
actions. Far from being an offensive doomsday machine, the lesson of the Cold
War is that the bomb is a superb defensive weapon. Fraught with the fear and
danger of unknown futures, a parked nuclear warhead is a menacing threat. Once
fired, it is useless, spent on well understood, mutual, and arithmetically
To be effective, that parked nuke must have a threat of equal veracity to
threaten it. Every nuke needs an enemy. The failure to provide a compensating
catastrophic consequence for the use of a bomb makes it perfectly rational to
use one. Want to add stability to the world? Give Iran the bomb. Just give them
a bunch. That takes not just those, but all regional bombs off the table,
turning a parcel of offensive weapons into a bushel of defensive ones.
It's called "Game Theory", and is an essential component to every bomb-owner's
manual. A perfectly rational series of mathematical equations that have ruled
the atomic age since physicists played poker. A systems analysis of the range
of decisions a bomb owner must make to maximize his position without breaking
21. Game Theory predicts that nuclear superiority rests on what the other guy
is thinking about you. It insists that both parties must have a credible
threat, each threat with consequences that each player feels is not in his long
term interests. Mutually assured destruction rests on the balance and parity of
each side's threat. Without that parity, imbalance makes the use of a nuke
almost certain in circumstances where parity would otherwise prevail.
This was, and is an American doctrine. However, it has come to develop into the
basic architecture of deterrence in the nuclear age. When Americans struggle to
insist that a nuclear Iran is bad for everybody, they understand perfectly the
irrationality of the condemnation. Americans warn that an Iran with the bomb
would use it on Israel, and is the sole reason Iran is possibly pursuing one at
all. Israel argues it must stop Iran as it is an "existential" threat to their
existence, and thus, an Iranian bomb the very end of that existence.
Both know otherwise of course. Both know that should the Iranians get the bomb,
they will not fire the one or two they have at Israel and the United States.
That action has virtually no offsetting effect on their enemies to ever come
close to the punishment they would suffer in return for the decision. They
won't make that call, which explains why they have not invaded another country
for 600 years and have a civilization that stretches back thousands. They are
not a stupid people.
So what's all the fuss about?
Iran has oil. Iran is the world's fourth-largest crude exporter, a card
carrying charter member of Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries that
pumps in excess of two-and-a-half million barrels a day of clean, inexpensive
black goo. Iran's reserves of clean crude are the third-largest in the world.
Iran also controls the Strait of Hormuz, through which 40% of the Western
world's oil flows, and is a long fly ball from Saudi Arabia's biggest oil
export hub at Ras Tanura.
Iran is wealthy enough to build a bomb because Iran has oil. Iran is a threat
to the West's oil supply, as well as the Arab players who are traditional
enemies of the Persians. Iran is also across the street from Iraq and thus, in
America's backyard. Israel is in Iran's front yard, the home of 5,000 years of
history between Persians and Jews.
Iran sits atop a veritable sea of the world's most precious strategic
commodity, and is surrounded by well-intentioned Western interests aligned with
its enemies, all of whom possess the bomb. So Iran wants a bomb. No kidding.
Iran sells 16% of its oil exports to China, about 411 million barrels a day and
rising, and is China's second-largest source of crude after Saudi Arabia. China
needs oil in quantities never before imagined to fuel its growth, and is
scouring the world for wall flowers untouched by political ideology. China is
buying up Africa under the noses of the squabbling Cold War warriors, and has
no dog in the ancient races of the Middle East. It needs oil and that's all,
and it has invested over $100 billion in Iran to prove it.
China considers Iran a new friend in a formerly insular world. And a friend in
need is a friend indeed. China has its own regional threats, and one of them is
India, another of those traditional enemy types that drive Western
sensibilities nuts. A China-friendly, oil-soaked Iran is a wonderful way to
influence India from another direction. China, of course, has the bomb.
India has the bomb as well, but is also one of the world's other great centers
of progress. India needs as much oil as China for all the same reasons, and
imports almost as much as China from Iran. A full third of Iran's oil exports
go to the super developing economies of China and India. In addition, Iran
imports back a great deal of its oil exports to India in the form of refined
gasoline, making it the perfect stratified business model, and stupid
profitable for all concerned.